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The Temple of Kukuklan at Chichen Itza

The Temple of Kukuklan at Chichen Itza

If there is a Mayan city that holds many secrets and is the most visited of Riviera Maya, this is Chichén Itzá. It is located about 181 kilometers from Playa del Carmen and with beautiful beaches, which represents a journey of two hours from this interesting tourist spot. The city was built in the year 523 DC and up to the year 1500 DC was the main city of this vast Empire that dominated the area.

Today there are many interesting sights in this city in ruins, but if there is something that stands out above all others it is the pyramid of Kukuklan, a temple that stands out above the rest and that was called by the Spanish «El Castillo», since when they arrived at the city they sought the equivalent to the European structures that they were able to identify easier.

The pyramid of Kukuklan, the main building of Chichén Itzá.

The Kukuklan Temple was built in the 12th century by the Mayan Itza civilization with pyramid geometric shapes. It has nine levels and four facades, in which a staircase can be found in each one of them and leading to a shrine located at the top of the pyramid.

In that time, was devoted to the Dios Kukuklán, the Feathered Serpent, who is the protagonist of many of the engravings that can be seen in the stone of the pyramid. Other figures which can be seen on the walls of this pyramid are details related to the solar agricultural calendar, the sacred Tzolkin calendar and the Calendar round.

Until not long ago, you could climb down the stairs of the pyramid of Kukuklan, although the massive influx of visitors made the Mexican Government reconsider this activity and it was banned. However, it is one of the most impressive of the Riviera Maya views, although it is not permitted access to the Temple from its peak.

But what everyone wants to see is what happens during the spring or autumn equinox. At dusk, the Sun causes a series of plays of light and shade that lowers the figure of the Feathered Serpent by the steps of the pyramid. Legend says it’s Dios Serpiente, falling to the ground to make it fertile.

This happens on March 21st and September 22nd, two days is the favourite of all to visit the city of Chichén Itzá, so it should go early, since there are many visits scheduled for this day.

 

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